Please ensure Javascript is enabled for purposes of website accessibility Davide Bruno, Author at Baltimore Independent


Heading the ball is linked to cognitive impairment in retired professional footballers; new research

The potential long-term neurological effects of concussions and other knocks to the head in professional sport have attracted significant attention and research interest over recent years. Confirmation in 2014 that former England footballer Jeff Astle died as a result of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (a form of dementia) — and that it was caused by regularly heading the ball — […]